Installing Go (Golang) can be tricky on Ubuntu. The repositories for versions 12.04 and 14.04 are dated and install an older version of Go.
Luckily, there is a tool called the Go Version Manager (gvm) to help install, maintain, and even switch Go versions. I know it can be a little scary not using apt-get or aptitude, but in this case, it is worth it.
The installation process simply involves a clone of a GitHub repo and a single line in your .bashrc.
1. Clone the Repo and Add to User Directory
bash < <(curl -s -S -L https://raw.githubusercontent.com/moovweb/gvm/master/binscripts/gvm-installer)
This command uses cURL to grab the GitHub repo and install it within your user directory. The file that this repo is placed in is ~/.gvm.
2. Open Your ~/.bashrc and Source the GVM Directory
[[ -s "$HOME/.gvm/scripts/gvm" ]] && source "$HOME/.gvm/scripts/gvm"
All we are doing here is linking the gvm binary to our environmental variables. This allows you to run GVM from any path on your command line.
3. Logout and Login with Your User
The easiest way to make the changes in your .bashrc take effect is to just log out and log back into your shell.
4. Check to Make Sure that GVM is Installed
$ gvm version
Go Version Manager v1.0.22 installed at /home/myuser/.gvm
This command will tell you which version of GVM is installed. If it reports a version back, then you have successfully installed GVM. Well done!
5. Install Go (Golang)
First let’s check the versions of Go that are available.
$ gvm listall
As you can see, GVM includes the beta versions of software and release candidates (rc).
Let’s install Go 1.4.
$ gvm install go1.4
Downloading Go source...
6. Tell GVM Which Version of Go to Use
Now that we have Go installed on our system, let’s let GVM know we wish to use that version.
$ gvm use go1.4
Now using version go1.4
Sweet. Everything is going great so far.
7. Verify Go Is Installed Correctly
$ go version
go version go1.4 linux/amd64
We are done! GVM makes this process simple, and upgrading, changing versions, and uninstalling Go is now simple as well.
Update: Installing Go 1.5 Might Take an Additional Step
Go has changed how they compile their source and it has caused some issues with gvm. This is reported as fixed but I figured we should mention it just in case. Basically, just install go1.4 before you install go1.5.
gvm install go1.4
gvm use go1.4
gvm install go1.5
Have fun, and as usual, feel free to ask any questions below.